5 Different types of Integrated Circuits (ICs)

What is Integrated Chip?

Integrated circuits are made up of several components such as R, C, L, diodes and transistors. They are built on a small single block or chip of a semiconductor known as an integrated circuit (IC). All of them work together to perform a particular task. Th


Different Types of IC Chips

There are different types of integrated circuits categorized on varied criteria. Based on planned use, an IC integrated circuit can be classified as a digital integrated circuit, mixed integrated circuit and analogue integrated circuit. The integrated chip classification also includes other varieties, and we will have a look at them below:


Digital Integrated Circuits

These are IC chips that work only at a few levels that are specifically defined instead of working on all signal amplitude levels. The Digital Integrated circuits are specially designed using several digital logic flip flops, multiplexers, gates and other electrical elements of circuits. The logic gates operate with digital input and binary input data like 0 and 1.


The Digital Integrated ICs are widely used in microprocessors, computers, computer networks, frequency counters and digital signal processors. In this category, you can find other sub-categories like programmable ICs, logic OCs, memory chips, interface ICs and power management integrated circuits.



Analog Integrated Circuits

These ICs work over a constant signal range and are subdivided into RFICs or Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits and Linear ICs. The relation between the current and the voltage might be non-linear in the majority of the cases over long signal ranges.The most frequently utilized analogue integrated circuits are the operational amplifiers or op-amp, which are quite the same as differential amplifiers. These come with high voltage gain and fewer transistors in comparison to the digital integrated circuits.


Mixed Integrated CircuitsAs is suggested by the name, these circuits are a blend of digital and analogue integrated circuits on one single chip. These integrated circuits work as both analogue to digital converters, digital to analogue converters and timing/clock ICs. Mixed ICs are the result of major advancements made in the field of integration technology. It is a large-scale technological development that has helped in integrating multiple analogues, RF and digital functions on one single chip.



Application-specific ICs

An application-specific IC (ASIC) can be either a digital or an analog circuit. As their name implies, ASICs are not reconfigurable; they perform only one specific function. For example, a speed controller IC for a remote control car is hard-wired to do one job and could never become a microprocessor. An ASIC does not contain any ability to follow alternate instructions.

Radio-frequency ICs

Radio-frequency ICs (RFICs) are widely used in mobile phones and wireless devices. RFICs are analog circuits that usually run in the frequency range of 3 kHz to 2.4 GHz (3,000 hertz to 2.4 billion hertz), circuits that would work at about 1 THz (1 trillion hertz) being in development. They are usually thought of as ASICs even though some may be configurable for several similar applications.

Most semiconductor circuits that operate above 500 MHz (500 million hertz) cause the electronic components and their connecting paths to interfere with each other in unusual ways. Engineers must use special design techniques to deal with the physics of high-frequency microelectronic interactions.

Monolithic microwave ICs

A special type of RFIC is known as a monolithic microwave IC (MMIC; also called microwave monolithic IC). These circuits usually run in the 2- to 100-GHz range, or microwave frequencies, and are used in radar systems, in satellite communications, and as power amplifiers for cellular telephones.

Just as sound travels faster through water than through airelectron velocity is different through each type of semiconductor material. Silicon offers too much resistance for microwave-frequency circuits, and so the compound gallium arsenide (GaAs) is often used for MMICs. Unfortunately, GaAs is mechanically much less sound than silicon. It breaks easily, so GaAs wafers are usually much more expensive to build than silicon wafers.









Frequently Asked Questions – FAQs

What exactly is a monolithic integrated circuit?

An integrated circuit (IC) made from a single piece of silicon is known as a monolithic integrated circuit (MIC).

What are the functions of integrated circuits?

A tiny chip known as an integrated circuit serves as a microprocessor, oscillator, amplifier, or computer memory.

Why are the integrated circuits significant?

The development of integrated circuits led to the development of numerous household products, CD players, computers, and televisions. Additionally, the proliferation of chips contributed to the globalisation of cutting-edge electronic equipment.

What distinguishes a semiconductor from an integrated circuit?

ICs are small silicon devices with at least two interconnected semiconductor components. A semiconductor, on the other hand, is a substance having electrical properties that fall somewhere between those of a good conductor and a good insulator.

Describe each element of the IC.

Resistors, diodes, transistors, capacitors, and conducting pathways are all parts of an IC. They are also connected by conducting pathways.




Bitfoic provides a one-stop service of electronic components with offices situated in Hong Kong and Shenzhen. We are a professional agent of electronic components distributor with many years of industry experience, focusing on the procurement services of various semiconductor discrete devices, such as (diodes, transistors, IBGT modules, FETs) and integrated circuits (IC, memory chips) passive ( Tantalum capacitors, resistors) LEDs and electromechanical components (connectors, switching devices).




Bitfoic electronics has rich upstream channel resources in original manufacturers and authorized agents in Europe the US, Southeast Asia, Japan, and South Korea. In addition, we have our own inventory for the downstream channel. Both of these enable us to have a stable supply chain and have the newest information on the market. We provide a one-stop package service for logistic systems. We have cooperated with trustworthy international logistics so as to ensure the delivery time.